Climate Change Increases Likelihood of Violent Extremism

October 01 - 2019
  • Violent extremism
  • climate change
Development and security cannot do without the other. It is not enough to counter violent extremism by addressing the symptoms; understanding and focusing on root causes, in regions such as the Western Sahel, is essential to countering violent extremism.

Resource Wars: ‘Less is More Conflict Prevention’

August 01 - 2019
  • Natural Resources
  • Conflict drivers
How could minimising material, water, and energy consumption in the EU contribute to conflict prevention? This policy brief explores unsustainable environmental footprints in relation to conflict risk — and what the EU can do about this.
The security dimensions of climate change and resource degradation affect military organisations’ operations. This policy brief outlines the nexus between climate change and natural resources on the one hand, and security on the other.

Climate & Security: Strategic Capability Game Takeaways

July 25 - 2019
  • conflict risk
  • policy
What are the implications of climate change on the policies of governmental institutions and non-governmental organisations? And how can they play a role in mitigating climate-related conflict risk?
Planetary Security Initiatives are increasingly moving from analysis to action. The recently agreed upon Plan of Action (POA) on Resilience in the Caribbean, is an excellent example of how regional experts developed a list with 2-do’s to tackle the climate-security nexus in this region, including sharing knowledge, action in the field of water, food and energy, strengthening existing networks on resilience and aligning existing activities.
The Planetary Security Initiative proudly presents another highly relevant policy brief. Co-authored by Shiloh Fetzek and Lieutenant Commander Oliver-Leighton (Ret.) this brief concerns the Caribbean, a region highly exposed to a wide range of climate change impacts including more frequent or intense tropical storms, changing precipitation patterns (more intense rainfalls and drought), sea level rise and ocean acidifcation.
The Planetary Security Initiative (PSI) is pleased to launch a new report, Climate Security – Making it #Doable. It reviews progress made in the past year on addressing climate-related security risks despite geopolitical turmoil.
With the liberation of Mosul from so-called Islamic State (IS) in November 2017, Iraq entered – once again – a post-conflict period. While starting the process of rebuilding the country, Iraq is facing a severe water crisis characterised by acute scarcity, dwindling resources and sharply declining water quality.
Report which assesses to what extent initiatives regarding landscape restoration address migration and security objectives in Africa.
The European Union (EU) has recognized the high-probability, high impact threat climate change poses to international security, but is still formulating a response commensurate to the threat. This new report argues that the security threats of climate change should be more routinely integrated into EU institutions at a senior level and be elevated alongside other ‘traditional’ security issues like terrorism and nuclear threats.
For over a decade the EU has shown interest in mitigating climate-related security risks, but this has hardly translated into effective policies. In this policy brief, the cases of Iraq and Mali illustrate how EU missions, policies and related financial instruments could be adjusted to take due account of the climate-security nexus.
By 2050, the UN estimates that 70 percent of the global population will be living in urban areas. Therefore, understanding and anticipating the ability of cities to manage and avoid the negative effects of climate-related changes and events is of utmost importance. This paper presents a conceptual framework to quantify the climate resilience of cities to guide policymakers and community leaders in identifying challenges and opportunities.
A short and comprehensive analysis & summary of three crucial studies recently published by the World Bank (WB), the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) and the Intergovernmental Science Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) which prominently addressed the link between degradation of land, water stress and higher food prices with migration.
Where in the world will people’s lives be affected by water issues by the year 2050? What is the impact of the growing global population, further urbanisation and climate change on these water risks, the food supply and migration?
This policy brief discusses how climate change related security challenges facing small island states have been addressed by the UN Security Council. Rising sea level poses a direct threat to their existence and intensified hurricanes resulted in chaos in the Carribean in 2017. This also has repercussions for international peace and security. Steps forward and alternatives are identified for addressing this agenda.
This policy brief explores how climate change adaptation and peacebulding could play a role in promoting peace and preventing climate-related conflicts. For practitioners, the integration of peacebuilding and climate change adaptation still remains a challenge. To make progress, this policy brief outlines key issues that must be resolved.
Le centre du Mali est miné par des litiges fonciers et des droits contestés relatifs aux sites de pâturage et d’abreuvement. La communauté internationale sous-estime ces litiges. Pourtant, comme le montre la présente note de politique, les litiges locaux relatifs aux ressources ne sont pas de simples affaires personnelles mais plutôt des facteurs déstabilisants pour des communautés entières.
Central Mali is plagued by land disputes and contested grazing and watering rights, underestimated by the international community. Yet, local disputes over resources are not merely individual matters, but destabilising factors for entire communities.
This policy brief argues structural inequalities and conflict-sensitivity need to be mainstreamed into climate adaptation measures based on the case-study of Mali. While there are many adaptation projects further assessment is needed to promote inclusion and prevent violence.
This policy brief analyses how local resource conflicts affect wider development and security dynamics in Mali. It argues that in order to manage the ripple-effects of local conflicts, there needs to be investment in conflict prevention, as well as understanding and addressing the impacts of population growth and climate change.
This report looks at progress made on policy and practical responses to climate-security risks for 2016-2017 and sets out the key achievements, pitfalls and new challenges facing the foreign policy community working to reduce climate-fragility risks.
This policy brief considers the interlinkages between climate change, migration and security, and argues that despite the lack of scientific consensus the potential consequences are too large to ignore and no-regret policy options should be adopted. 
In this policy brief Leon Fuerth argues a new type of complex problems, climate change being the apex example, needs a new type of governance that anticipates for future threats.
UN Secretary General António Guterres released a report on the humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Basin region. The report calls upon countries to identify and address the root causes of what some say is the world’s most extensive humanitarian crises.
9 June 2017 saw the launch of a new volume in which security experts identify 12 climate and security epicenters that will shape the geostrategic landscape of the 21st century.
Many countries in the MENA region could benefit from enhanced cooperation to deal with challenges in the WEF-Security Nexus approach.
Improving food insecurity can help reduce tensions and addresses some of the fundamental grievances that motivate conflict.
Water scarcity is regarded as the most important issue in relation to political tension and conflict. What are the relations between water, climate and human security?
The nexus between natural resources and security needs to be better understood and more closely monitored. This issue brief summarizes the key takeaways of a meeting at the Future Force Conference.
Access to sufficient and healthy food is crucial to human security and welfare. This policy brief maps out the specific risks that foreign policy-makers need to be aware of.
WG 15 Arctic
This policy brief considers seismic testing on the human security of the Baffin Island Inuit with the objective of exploring social pathways of global warming.
The links between climate change, conflict and fragility are not simple and linear. This report explores how climate change acts as a risks multiplier in regards to non-state armed groups.
The demand for water rises along with population growth, urbanisation. and increased domestic and industrial use, while climate change acts as a threat multiplier for water and food insecurity. This policy brief discusses the need for multi-track water diplomacy.
This briefing note discusses how foresight tools offer a practical toolset for formulating responses to climate security risks, even in the context of significant uncertainty.
This policy brief discusses the multi-faceted character of climate risks and the challenges that occur when this is addressed in practice.
A thematic study on climate change was published in the Clingendael Strategic Monitor. It describes the key trends in the field of climate change for the EU.
The Planetary Security Initiative is proud to publish the first policy brief based on the outcomes of the PSC 2016. This brief concerns the EU and the importance of addressing climate security in its external activities.

Economics of Planetary Security

December 02 - 2016
A new monitor has for the first time modelled the economic impact of climate change together with conflict risk with startling results.
Just before the Conference, the report Towards A Global Resilience Agenda - Action on Climate Fragility Risks has been published.