The Planetary Security Initiative Overview of Climate Security Practices 


Climate Security Practices (CSPs) are tangible actions implemented by a (local or central) government, organisation, community, private actor or individual to help prevent, reduce, mitigate or adapt (to) security risks and threats related to impacts of climate change and related environmental degradation, as well as subsequent policies (PSI climate security practices report, 2021).

PSI is collecting and analysing climate security practices worldwide. Are you aware of a climate security practice not mentioned here? Then submit the information by filling in this form or contact us at




Country of Implementation


Year of  Implementation


Aarhus University & partners Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Senegal

Climate adaptation and resilience with a spin-off for peace and security

   Weather-index insurance CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems & International Water Management Institute India Bolstering disaster risk reduction for extreme weather 2017-2019
   Good Water Neighbours Project EcoPeace Middle East Jordan, Israel and Palestine

Dialogue and cooperation on shared scarce natural resources, as part of peacebuilding effort

   Peace Renewable Energy Credits Energy Peace Partners, Nuru, 3Degrees, Microsoft  Democratic Republic Congo

The financial mechanism for investment in sustainable energy in fragile countries

   Inter Collectivite du Sourou Netherlands Embassy, CARE Mali, local communities Mali

The governance structure for inclusive natural resource management and stability

    3S Initiative 3S Initiative Africa

Investments, rural job creation, agroecological farming

   Juba Peace Agreement Sudan Transitional Government, the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF), Minni Minawi’s Sudan Liberation movement Sudan Natural resource management included in the peace agreement 2020
   French Defence Forces French Ministry of Defence France and abroad

Natural resources in theatres of military operation and efforts to reduce local tensions

   Feed the Future USAID

Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, Kenya, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Uganda

Building resilience through improving agricultural production and markets. 2012-Present
   Power your life Solar Now Uganda and Kenya

Solar energy solutions

   UNSOM Drought Operations Coordination Center United Nations Somalia Institutionalizing climate-related security risks in the UN mission 2016-Present
   Climate change and security risks UNEP, EU, Adelphi Sudan, Nepal

Strengthening resilience to climate security risks

   Partnering with NASA to find solutions from the sky Mercy Corps Kenya Adaptation to climate change for small-holder farmers 2019
   The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative United Nations World Food Programme Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Senegal and Zambia

Policy guidelines on solutions to address food insecurity caused by climate change

   Environmental Peacebuilding Mercy Corps Nigeria

Environmental peacebuilding

   Powering Peace Energy Peace Partners, The Stimson Center DRC

The sustainable energy use of missions

   Peace Centers for   Climate and Social Resilience Haramaya University Ethiopia

Training, peacebuilding, dialogues

   PEACE III Mercy Corps and Pact Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan and Uganda

Peacebuilding including environmental factors

   Ending GBV and       Achieving the SDGs UNDP Uganda

Fostering resilience, with an integrated gender lens

   The Food and      Nutrition Security    Resilience Programme FAO, Wageningen University & Research (WUR) Somalia, Sudan and South-Sudan The building of resilient livelihoods and food systems which contribute to sustainable localized peace. 2019-2023
   Project for land reclamation efforts   towards pastoral usage and in conservation areas Luxembourg Development Cooperation Agency, Government of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Pastureland reclamation with emphasis on climate resilience and sustainability. Goals include conflict reduction between farmers and pastoralists.


   Colombian Peace Process Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Colombian Government, Norwegian Government, Cuban Government Colombia A peace deal that ends decades-long guerilla war. Incorporates climate protection mechanisms and environmental safeguards. 2016-present
Kauswagan From Arms to Farms Project Kauswagan Municipality, VNG International, Philippine Army, the Agricultural Training Institute and several other NGOs and CSOs. Philippines A local level project that focuses on allieviating climate related food insecurity, reintegrating ex-combatants and builiding trust between communities. 2010-present
Marial Bai Peace Initiative VNG International, 3 South Sudanese State Governments, Tribal Chiefs and Communities South Sudan A peace initiative that establishes cattle migration regulation along with dispute and compensation mechanisms. Reduces climate impacted farmer-herder conflicts. 2016-present
MINUSMA Climate Security Practices MINUSMA Mali Various different projects have been implemented as part of the UN intervention into Mali in order to adress some of the underlying climatic causes of the conflict. 2013-present
The Lake Chad Regional Stabilisation Strategy African Union, Lake Chad Basin Commission, International Donors Chad, Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria A strategy, involving a host of climate security practices, that seeks to provide livelihood security for millions of people and so lessen conflict and food stress. 2018-present
Resilience in Somalia Somali government, UNSOM, International Donors Somalia Safety net programmes and adaptation like dam building that seek to secure livelihoods and prevent extremist recruitment 2012-present
Cross Border Cooperation in the Greater Karamoja Cluster UN FAO, IGAD, local groups, regional governments Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan and Uganda Cross border cooperation including natural resource sharing and animal health initiatives that build trust between communities at risk of conflict and concurrently build overall resilience 2013-present
Preventing Radicalisation in Kidal MINUSMA, UN Mali A community anti-radicalisation programme that seeks to bolster climate threatened livelihood security and so prevent radicalisation 2021
Improving Security and Climate Resilience in Fragile Contexts through the Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus - "FREXUS" GIZ, EU Mali, Chad and Niger An integrated approach that works with communities facing natural resource conflict in order to develop a natural resources convention and a path for sustainable development 2019-present

Environmental Peacemaking in Mali-Burkina Faso-Niger border region

European Institute of Peace (EIP), TrustWorks Global, Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign Affairs Directorate of Defence Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger  An 18 month project implementing environmental peacemaking in the Liptako Gourma region 2022-2023
Policy Framework for Pastoralism in Africa African Union Africa A policy framework that draws linkages between climate change and security, improves living and working conditions of pastoral communities in Africa, and consolidates peace, security, and democracy. 2013-present
Great Green Wall Iniative UNCCD Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Chad Iniative that aims to restore the continent's degraded landscapes and bring life to the African countries as a way to adress drought, famine, conflict, and migration.  2007-present
The Drought Iniative UNCCD Ethiopia, Sudan, Burkina Faso, Benin, Niger, Serbia, Macedonia, and Moldova Iniative that aims to promote a decisive shift in drought management, by focussing on drought preparedness systems, by reducing drought vulnerability, and by boosting resilience of people and ecosystemes.  2018-present
CEWARN - Conflict and Early Warning and Response Mechanism African Peace and Security Architecture Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia Focuses on conflict prevention through early warning and response mechanisms.  2002-present
ICPAC - IGAD's Climate Prediction and Application Center   Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, South Sudan, Tanzania, Sudan, Rwanda, Djibouti, Burundi, Eritrea, Uganda Provides climate services including climate information-sharing, climate forecasting, and early warnings. Scope of work covers areas of agriculture, food security, water, and disaster risk management. 1986-present
SECCCI - The Support for Effective Cooperation and Coordination of the Cross-border Initiatives in Southwest Ethiopia-Northwest Kenya, Marsabit-Borana and Dawa, and Kenya-Somalia-Ethiopia Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), UNDP Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Ethopia Project that aims to strengthen regional policy frameworks and cross-border cooperation. Priority intervention areas include among others natural resource management, disaster risk maangement, conflict prevention, resolution and peacebuilding. 2018-2021
ILRI - International Livestock Research Institute CGIAR Kenya, Ethiopia ILRI's mission is to improve food and nutrition security and to reduce poverty in developing countries.  2013-2022
CCAFS - Research Programe on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security CGIAR Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam The program generates evidence and supports adoption of climate-smart agricultural policies and practices that alleviate poverty, increase gender equity, and support sustainable landscapes 2017-2022
The Kibira Peace Sanctuary UNCDF Burundi Program that leverages blended finance to support joint peacebuilding and conservation interventions that target drivers of conflict associated with the lack of protection of the Kibira Forest 2021-2024
Supporting sustainable peace in Blue Nile State through gender-responsive natural resource governance and inclusive conflict resolution mechanisms UNEP, UNWOMEN, UNDP Sudan Project that aims to support and engender peace processes in Blue Nile state by enhancing climate resilient livelihoods options for women, youth and other marginalised groups. Local governance of natural resources is improved by ensuring full and equal representation of women  2021-2024
Strengthening community coping mechanisms against risk of climate induced conflicts ITC, UNWPA, WFP Gambia Project that aims to mitigate and address growing conflict and tensions occuring among rural agricultural communities in the Oambia, affected by the increasing impacts of climate change on their livelihoods. 2020-2022
Strengthening the role of women in peacebuilding through natural resources management at the community level FAO, IOM Yemen (Sana'a and Lahj) This project will help the rural communities to better manage the natural resources ( land and water), strengthen the participation of women in conflict resolution mechanisms at the local communities level, increase the economic self-reliance and enhance social cohesion 2017-2019
Water for Peace in Yemen FAO, IOM Yemen Project aimed at contributing to the mitigation of water-based conflicts that have affected agriculture, with the inclusion of women as conflict-resolution agents.  2018-2020
PIAP Initiative FAO, IOM Somalia Project that reduces inter-communal conflict over natural resources in Marka District by supporting young people and women from the Biyomal and Habargidir sub-clans to lead the development of inclusive and participatory resource management mechanism and governance systems. 2021-2023
Women for Water & Peace ILO, UNCDF Sierra Leone This project contributes to the mitigation of water-based community conflicts and prevent their potential eruption into violence by tackling one of the dominant threats to peace in five wards in Freetown 2022-2023

PSI is collecting and analysing climate security practices worldwide. Are you aware of a climate security practice not mentioned here? Then submit the information by filling in this form or contact us at