The contribution of water scarcity to conflict is often underestimated. According to Minister Kaag “water scarcity or an excess of water does not only pose an acute threat to society, but it can lead to violent conflicts and increased migration." Taking the Lake Chad crisis as an example, The Netherlands will devote explicit attention to water-security at the UN Security Council in New York.
This policy brief discusses how climate change related security challenges facing small island states have been addressed by the UN Security Council. Rising sea level poses a direct threat to their existence and intensified hurricanes resulted in chaos in the Carribean in 2017. This also has repercussions for international peace and security. Steps forward and alternatives are identified for addressing this agenda.
Prof. Ken Conca, Professor for International Relations at the American University, shares his view on the problems the UN Security Council faces in incorporating global climate-related security threats.
From the global refugee crisis to terrorism, climate change can compound conflict and insecurity drivers, whilst conflict makes coping with climate shocks ever harder. Failure to address the drivers of these conjoined risks is forging new risks and ever more complex emergencies. Against this backdrop, Ms. Vivekananda argues that a UN report on peace-building ignores climate change, and thus missing a key to a peaceful world.