The Hague Declaration calls upon all actors engaged in Mali to reassess their strategies based on what is known about climate-related security risks and to mainstream these issues into existing planning, implementation, and evaluation processes and indicators. This requires improved capacity for compound risk assessment, monitoring and integrated planning and requires donors and implementing organisations to test integrated approaches.
Action Area 5
Climate and Conflict Sensitive Development in Mali
In Mali, climate change has severe impacts on natural resources such as water and land, threatening the livelihood of the mostly rural population. The resulting resource scarcity has already led to conflicts between herders, farmers and pastoralists and caused migration and displacement. This instability combined with threatened livelihoods provided fertile breeding ground for armed groups in the region. Integrated approaches are essential for addressing these interlinked conflict and climate challenges, such as for example the integration of equitable natural resource management into national security strategies and policies.
What the Hague Declaration is calling for
Mali's climate security trap - how drought and heavy rains impact violence and migration
In this video Hague Declaration signatory adelphi introduces the climate and conflict dynamics in Mali and asks experts how to address the situation.
Overview of progress made on Action Area 5
Although the need to mainstream conflict and climate sensitivity into development activities is of highest relevance for Mali, concrete actions are still rare and capacities to implement them rarer still. Climate change impacts are neither being mainstreamed across sectors nor coordinated at the national level.
An additional challenge for addressing climate-related security risks arises from the fragile security situation in Mali. This entails that most activities take place only in safe regions whereas conflict prone areas are in most cases lacking support and initiatives.
Nevertheless, there is increasing attention at the international level to climate-security risks in Mali, for example the UN Security Council called for risk assessments and risk management strategies to address the climate-security nexus in Mali. In addition, there are promising initiatives on the ground advancing towards more integrated and coordinated approaches for conflict sensitive development in the country.